Electronic Voting Machine Essay

ELECTRONIC DIGITAL VOTING MACHINE

1 .

What is an Electronic Voting Machine?

It is just a simple computer used to record votes in place of ballot paperwork and boxes which were applied earlier in conventional voting system.

2 .

What are the huge benefits of EVM over the traditional ballot paper/ballot box system? (i) It eliminates the potential of invalid and doubtful ballots which, oftentimes, are the basic causes of controversies and selection petitions.

(ii) It the actual process of checking of votes much faster compared to the conventional program. (iii) This reduces largely the quantity of conventional paper used as a result saving a large number of trees producing the process environmentally friendly.

(iv) That reduces cost of printing practically nil while only one piece of ballot paper required for each Polling Station.

3.

Apart from India which are the various other countries apply EVMs in elections? Bhutan used the Indian EVMs for the whole country during their previous elections. These types of machines were also used by Nepal for some of their constituencies over the last general polls in the country.

4.

When was your EVM presented in India?

It was 1st used in 1982 in the bye-election to Parur Assembly Constituency of Kerala for a limited number of polling stations (50 polling stations).

5.

Exactly what are the unique features of Indian EVMs?

It is a basic machine which can be operated easily by both polling employees and the arreters. It is strong enough to face up to rough controlling and variable climatic conditions. Becoming a stand alone machine without any network connectivity, nobody can interfere with the programming and manipulate the actual result. Keeping the irregular power supply position in many locations in the country, the machines have been made to operate on batteries.

6.

What was the requirement to switch to EVM from ballot daily news election? Checking of Boule papers in a election used to take long hours creating a incurred atmosphere to get the counting officials as well as candidates/political parties. Sometimes it was aggravated further by the with regard to recounting ensuing for the low margin of difference of votes between the top 2 candidates along with large number of incorrect and doubtful votes.

six.

Who production EVMs in India?

Both the central govt. undertakings my spouse and i. e. Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of India Limited are the only manufacturers from whom the EVMs are procured by Election Commission payment of India.

8.

Just before approving EVM, whether ECI consulted the political functions? Yes. The matter was reviewed with all the recognized political functions and exhibition held available to them.

9.

If ECI required the guidance of specialized expert just before approving the EVM? Yes. Before inducting the EVMs, opinion with the Technical Panel comprising Prof. S. Sampath, Prof. G. V. Indiresan and Dr . C Rao Kasarbada was obtained. The Committee evaluated the equipment minutely via all technical angles and unanimously recommended their utilization in elections.

12. What are the features of Control Unit?

The Control Unit is the main product which stores all info and regulates the functioning of EVM. The program which will controls the functioning from the control unit is burned up into a mini chip on a " once programmable basis”. Once burned it can not be read, duplicated out or perhaps altered. The EVMs make use of dynamic code to enhance security of data transmitted from ballot unit to manage unit. The brand new EVMs have also got real time clock and date-time rubber stamping facility which will enables them to record the exact time and date each time a key is hard pressed. After the voting is completed and the close press button is pushed, the machine would not accept any data or perhaps record any kind of vote. Throughout the press of " total” button, the control unit can display the amount of votes documented till time which can be get across checked while using register of voters in Form 17-A. The display system of the control unit shows the entire number of votes polled in a polling station and the...



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